Diabetes in Young

It might not sound like a good news. Diabetes is becoming more common in young adults and turning into an epidemic. Worldwide it is becoming a challenge to deal with diabetes in young and the medical community has expressed their concern over the growing trend. Changed lifestyle, food habit, and lack of physical activities are considered reasons for the change.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition of high glucose level in blood. It is often caused by disorder in metabolism. It occurs when the body fails to produce enough insulin necessary for the body to absorb glucose from the blood system. As a result the level of glucose in the system increases.  It can lead to a condition called prediabetes which is a state where blood glucose level is high but not enough high to be diagnosed as diabetes

There are two main types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2. There is also a third type that occurs only during pregnancy.

Type 1 diabetes typically occurs to children and young adults. It is an autoimmune condition where the immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells, present in the pancreas, responsible for producing insulin in the body.

Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of factors – insufficient insulin is one cause. Overweight and obesity can often trigger type 2 diabetes. Once uncommon it is becoming gradually prevalent in children and young adults and hence, the rising concern.

Factors that cause Type II diabetes

  • Heredity – If there is history of diabetes in the family probability is that you too can develop the condition.
  • Obesity – Obesity often increases one’s risk of developing type II diabetes. Increasing child obesity (due to lack of enough physical activity) is leading to developing type II diabetes in them. When the heredity factor is present with obesity it increases patient’s vulnerability.
  • Insulin resistance – It is a common occurrence in overweight people. It happens in obese people where there is resistance to insulin at a cellular level where the body cannot respond to insulin leading to deposition of sugar.
  • Beta cell failure – Dysfunctional beta cells can lead to development of type II diabetes in children. It can result from gene that controls production insulin by beta cells impairment.

Diabetes is children can lead to – continuous obesity, cardiovascular complaints, hypertension, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, and polycystic ovarian syndrome. In Dr. Sumanth Specialty Clinic we have a Physician and Diabetologist to treat diabetes in young adults and to help them cope with the symptoms.